Energy minimization with domain decomposition crashes
A colleague asked me to look at a very large simulation he could not make work. A simple water slab of ~ 129 M atoms.
genconf -f spc216.gro -nbox 200 200 5
grompp -v -c out -f em -o em
mdrun -s em
My colleague tested on a big GPU system, I tested on a regular AMD 48 core system. it crashes with a DD error for me.
Tolerance (Fmax) = 1.00000e-03
Number of steps = 25
The charge group starting at atom 7 moved more than the distance allowed by the
domain decomposition (31.034332) in direction X
distance out of cell -341.377655
Old coordinates: 0.000 0.000 0.000
New coordinates: 0.000 0.000 0.000
Old cell boundaries in direction X: 341.378 372.412
New cell boundaries in direction X: 341.378 372.412
fixed DD internal state corruption with energy minimization
With energy minimization we need to reload old DD states after
steps are rejected. There were two bookkeeping issues in the reload.
This could lead to all kinds of, but no silent, errors.
#1 Updated by Berk Hess about 5 years ago
- Status changed from New to Accepted
- Assignee set to Berk Hess
I assume you were running the group scheme, whereas the GPUs will have to run the Verlet scheme?
Anyhow, I get the same error with group, Verlet and also with RF iso PME.
But the error is different from yours. The energy and forces at step 0 seem to be ok:
Step= 0, Dmax= 1.0e-01 nm, Epot= -2.02225e+09 Fmax= 9.12274e+02, atom= 622087
But step 1 gives a settle error and -pforce 5000 shows large forces.
The coordinates are very strange: regular and identical for many particles. It seems that somewhere some coordinate buffers got messed up.
step 1 atom 97635271 x 279.397 248.914 1.022 force 5.47555e+03
step 1 atom 97635919 x 279.397 248.914 2.884 force 5.44673e+03
step 1 atom 97636567 x 279.397 248.914 4.746 force 5.42407e+03
step 1 atom 97637215 x 279.397 248.914 6.608 force 5.44247e+03
step 1 atom 97634623 x 279.397 248.914 8.470 force 5.43415e+03
step 1 atom 97638511 x 279.397 250.776 1.022 force 5.47089e+03
step 1 atom 97639159 x 279.397 250.776 2.884 force 5.44283e+03
step 1 atom 97639807 x 279.397 250.776 4.746 force 5.42009e+03
step 1 atom 97640455 x 279.397 250.776 6.608 force 5.43953e+03
step 1 atom 97637863 x 279.397 250.776 8.470 force 5.42750e+03
step 1 atom 97641751 x 279.397 252.638 1.022 force 5.47208e+03
step 1 atom 97642399 x 279.397 252.638 2.884 force 5.44174e+03
step 1 atom 97643047 x 279.397 252.638 4.746 force 5.42176e+03
step 1 atom 97643695 x 279.397 252.638 6.608 force 5.43861e+03
step 1 atom 97641103 x 279.397 252.638 8.470 force 5.42884e+03
step 1 atom 97644991 x 279.397 254.500 1.022 force 5.47362e+03
#3 Updated by Berk Hess about 5 years ago
I now have a 21600 water system, genconf -nbox 10 10 1, which gives DD constraint missing atom errors when run with -dd 4 4 1 or -dd 8 2 1 or -dd 2 8 1, but not -dd 16 1 1. Less than 16 ranks seems to work fine.
So this seems to have nothing to do with system size.
(and it only seems to happen with energy minimization)
#4 Updated by Berk Hess about 5 years ago
- Subject changed from Large simulation (129 Matoms) crashes to Energy minimization with domain decomposition crashes
- Status changed from In Progress to Fix uploaded
I changed the subject, as the bug was not much related to large systems, but rather to energy minimization.
#9 Updated by Rossen Apostolov about 4 years ago
I'm trying to reproduce this but on a 32core, 32GB machine. The input is made with
genconf -f spc216.gro -nbox 100 200 2,
bigger systems give out of memory crashes.
The above system runs with:
- default mdrun with 24PP (8x3x1) and 8PME nodes
- -dd 8 4 1
- -dd 16 2 1
It eventually crashes with:
- -dd 4 4 2 , message "A charge group moved too far between two domain decomposition steps
This usually means that your system is not well equilibrated") and then "The charge group starting at atom 19830606 moved more than the distance allowed by the domain decomposition (1.862060) in direction Z"
- -dd 8 2 2 , same
All runs give plenty of e.g. "Water molecule starting at atom 23512618 can not be settled".
#11 Updated by Berk Hess about 4 years ago
Could you run it with reaction-field as well, to see if the issue might be in PME?
We have run systems this large, but mostly (only?) without PME.
I first thought is might be an indexing issue, since 129M is close to all 31-bits in an integer, but 100x100x2 should be small enough to run fine. You can run with GMX_DD_DEBUG=1 if we suspect there is a DD indexing error.
spc216.gro is well equilibrated, so it can't be an equilibration issue.
#12 Updated by Rossen Apostolov about 4 years ago
Strangely I couldn't reproduce my own tests, i.e. the system doesn't crash despite the numerous settle errors. Using a single thread clears most of the settle errors, in fact only 1 of the water molecules is reported. RF also produces a lot of settle errors. This is with 4.6.5.